Date: 19.02.2019

We discovered 7 new viruses

Seven new virus species were discovered last year by scientists of the Institute of Plant Molecular Biology at Biological centre CAS. The viruses attack strawberry, cherries, black-current and red clover, and the results suggest that they will not be the last discovered ones for the long time.

   Recent methods of molecular biology allow us for a previously hardly feasible things. For example, the Next-generation sequencing can "read" almost all genetic information from the investigated sample. Thus, it may be relative easy to find out that sample contains a novel viral species. However, uncover the complete genome of such a virus is laborious work, and sticking the last pieces of the puzzle of viral genome, as well as testing of the virus by other techniques of molecular biology can be a job for weeks - in the most optimistic case.

   In 2018, seven such viral puzzles were completed by scientists at the Institute of Plant Molecular Biology: four new viral species from red clover, and three another from cherries, strawberries and black currant, respectively (the last one was discovered in collaboration with colleagues from the USA, Swithzerland, Slovenia, and Belgium). The viruses discovered belonged to different viral genus, and some of them were presented in even several different versions. For example, there were five version of the same viral species from black current. Furthermore, two of the viruses were found to have originated by recombination with another virus.

  Although none of the discovered viruses are likely to cause any serious disease of the infected plants, it is still wise to investigate them. Their presence in plants has shown not only that the viral world is far more diverse than we thought previously, and that the species we know so far consist far less than the famous "tip of an iceberg". The discovery of several different viral variants and viral recombinations allows us to uncover how the viruses are actually evolving and how the new ones originate. That can help us in the future to better protect not only crop but also other organisms including humans.



    • Koloniuk I., Fránová J. (2018) Complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of red clover associated virus 1 (RCaV1), a putative member of the genus Waikavirus (family Secoviridae, order Picornavirales) Archives of Virology 163 (12): 3447–3449. DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-4005-5
    • Koloniuk I., Fránová J., Sarkisová T., Přibylová J. (2018) Complete genome sequences of two divergent isolates of strawberry crinkle virus coinfecting a single strawberry plantArchives of Virology 163 (9) : 2539–2542. DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3860-4
    • Koloniuk I., Fránová J., Sarkisová T., Přibylová J., Lenz O., Petrzik K., Špak J. (2018) Identification and molecular characterization of a novel varicosa-like virus from red cloverArchives of Virology 163 (8): 2213–2218. DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3838-2
    • Koloniuk I., Přibylová J., Fránová J. (2018) Molecular characterization and complete genome of a novel nepovirus from red clover Archives of Virology 163: 1387–1389. DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3742-9
    • Koloniuk I., Sarkisová T., Petrzik K., Lenz O., Přibylová J., Fránová J., Špak J., Lotos L., Beta Ch., Katsiani A., Candresse T., Maliogka V.I. (2018) Variability Studies of Two Prunus-Infecting Fabaviruses with the Aid of High-Throughput Sequencing Viruses 10 (4): 204. DOI: 10.3390/v10040204
    • Koloniuk I., Thekke-Veetil T., Reynard J.S., Pleško I.M., Přibylová J., Brodard J., Kellenberger I., Sarkisová T., Špak J., Lamovšek J., Massart S., Ho T., Postman J.D., Tzanetakis I.E. (2018) Molecular Characterization of Divergent Closterovirus Isolates Infecting Ribes Species Viruses 10 (7): 369. DOI: 10.3390/v10070369
    • Lenz O., Sarkisová T., Koloniuk I., Fránová J., Přibylová J., Špak J. (2018) Red clover-associated luteovirus – a newly classifiable member of the genus Luteovirus with an enamo-like P5 protein Archives of Virology 163 (12): 3439–3442. DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3997-1




Biology Centre CAS
Institute of Plant Molecular Biology
Branišovská 1160/31
370 05 České Budějovice

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